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Most Disc Golf Courses Per Capita: US States
Jul 1 • 7 min read
disc golf courses per capita
The U.S. colored in disc golf. The darker the blue, the more courses per capita. See the full data behind the colors at the end of this article.

We recently revealed which countries have the most courses per capita. The U.S. ranked seventh on that list. However, the populations of the European countries ahead of it were much, much smaller, perhaps making it seem like an unfair contest.

Today we're taking a look at the stats for each U.S. state and showing how they rank in relation to each other. You can find that full list at the end of this article.

Fun fact: The #1 U.S. state would still only rank fourth if it was eligible for the countries list.

Where'd the Numbers Come From?

As with our previous article on countries, the course totals for each state are based on courses disc golfers have submitted to UDisc's course directory. You can search this extensive directory either on UDisc's Courses website or in the UDisc app.

Who's #1 (& Who's Chasing Them Down)?

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A look at Iowa's many courses on the UDisc Courses website

Iowa has the most courses per capita in the U.S. and is the only state to have less than 10,000 people per course. It has more than 300 courses for a population of just over 3 million. 

Disc golf is so readily available in the state it might be taken for granted by many Iowans.

"I think the casual Iowan disc golfer would be surprised to learn that many players in other states don't have a course they can conveniently access for a quick round after work,” said Michael Deeter, PDGA coordinator for Iowa.

But it seems that even some of Iowa's most avid disc golfers might not be aware of the disc golf gold mine their state is. For example, Iowa’s #1 status took the state's highest-rated pro by surprise.

“I was not aware Iowa was number one in the country,” said Ben Callaway. “That’s a pretty cool stat. If I had to guess based on the disc golf scene which state would be number one, it would have been a larger, warmer state."

Callaway's assumptions are likely common in the disc golf world, but none of the top ten states per capita would count as “warmer” for most of us. Half of them are in the Midwest and many are in more northerly parts of the country.

Deeter explained the pattern that's leading to high numbers of disc golf courses in Iowa, and it's probably one that's happening in many of the states at the top of the list.

“Smaller communities are installing nine-hole courses in their parks after learning that disc golf is an activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages for a relatively low cost for a municipality," Deeter said. "Additionally, disc golfers throughout the state are working hard to add bigger and better courses to help satisfy the hunger for the game in our more populated areas. Iowa has been blessed with a wide variety of courses spread throughout the state and it's easy to notice that players are embracing them. There are many small-town clubs and even county-based clubs that enjoy running leagues at their local area courses. And the metro area clubs are noticing more activity and new players showing up on the courses and at local events."

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A hole at Wildcat Bluff, Iowa's best course as rated by disc golfers using UDisc

But Iowa does have some competition for its throne.

“It’s very easy to find the courses and play them [here]," said Travis Hagen, PDGA coordinator for North Dakota, the state with the second most courses per capita in the United States. "All of them are at local parks or recreation areas.”

When asked about the competition with Iowa, Hagen seemed in the mood for some friendly rivalry.

“I guess it has crossed my mind about the competitiveness," said Hagen. "I do have some courses in the works. You never know; we could be number one soon.”

To set the stage for a rivalry we're not sure anyone saw coming, if North Dakota creates two more courses and Iowa stays where it is, the Peace Garden State (yes, that's ND's real nickname) will take the lead.

Who's on Top by Raw Numbers?

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A look at how the country looks when only total numbers of courses, not per capita, are considered. The darker the blue, the more courses the state has.

If you disregard per capita and look at which states simply have the most courses, the two top places are no surprise: #1 is Texas and #2 is California. Both are so big and have such large disc golf scenes that they are the only two states that need two PDGA coordinators.

Even by this metric, though, Iowa comes in seventh, and the Midwest is dominant with seven of the top ten states.

Still, right now Texas has 135 more courses than California. To put that in perspective, 28 states have fewer than 135 courses total. Also, although both are populous states, Texas has about twice as many courses per capita as the Golden State. And those courses are being built right where people need them.

“There has been a large surge in courses over the past 10 years," said A. Michael Hopper, PDGA state coordinator for north Texas. "With many Texas courses being free to use, the courses saw an increase of disc golfers on them. The visibility of the sport was key to the expansion. This visibility and exposure to the sport made it easier for smaller towns to take a chance on the sport. You also started seeing cheaper but just as sturdy baskets popping up like the Recruit or Black Hole, and the cost to the smaller towns shrunk, making it an easier sell to them. You get a course put in the ground, people come play, get exposed to the sport and take it to their friends who play and so on. Some of those friends live in different cities and then want that for their park or city."

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Zilker Park in Austin, Texas, is the most-played course in the state with the most courses in the country.

Stephanie Vincent, PDGA coordinator for south Texas, echoed Hopper’s sentiments.

“Every day I hear of new courses being installed, and as of now we have 519 courses," Vincent said. "In the past courses have mainly been in big cities. Now that small towns are investing in disc golf, it makes the sport more accessible."

Even though everything is bigger in Texas, as the saying goes, the story of Texas disc golf right now is all about the small, which takes us back, full circle, to what it feels like on the Iowa scene.

“Now that courses are popping up all over the state, it is easy to hop on a course after work and have time to finish all 18 before dark,” notes Vincent.

Conclusion & Full Rankings

Any competition that results in states building more disc golf courses is a win for everyone, we’d say. More than that, though, everyone we talked to for this story talked highly of the friendliness and community in their state’s disc golf scene, which is probably true of folks in the other 47 states, as well. 

Thirty years ago, sociologist Ray Oldenburg argued that what he called “third spaces” that were not home or work were needed for the health of democracy and civil society (something that must seem especially clear to us in the time of COVID when our total spaces might have been reduced to just our homes!). Twenty years ago, academic Robert Putnam argued in his bestselling book Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community that such spaces have long been declining or disappearing. One of his key examples was bowling leagues.

Based on what we see on a day-to-day basis at UDisc and the people we talk to regularly for articles like these, we think Putnam might want to think about doing some new research and titling his next book Disc Golfing Together.

With our nerd-out over, you can finally have a look at the full rankings and see where your state landed:

Rank State People Per Course Total Course Number Population
1 Iowa 9,988 305 3,046,355
2 North Dakota 10,191 66 672,591
3 Kansas 10,528 271 2,853,118
4 South Dakota 10,713 76 814,180
5 Montana 11,779 84 989,415
6 Wyoming 12,810 44 563,626
7 Vermont 13,905 45 625,741
8 Idaho 14,381 109 1,567,582
9 Wisconsin 15,496 367 5,686,986
10 Minnesota 15,646 339 5,303,925
11 Alaska 16,142 44 710,231
12 Nebraska 16,162 113 1,826,341
13 Maine 16,400 81 1,328,361
14 Colorado 21,131 238 5,029,196
15 Oklahoma 21,559 174 3,751,351
16 Oregon 22,018 174 3,831,074
17 West Virginia 24,065 77 1,852,994
18 Arkansas 24,504 119 2,915,918
19 Mississippi 26,975 110 2,967,297
20 Michigan 27,920 354 9,883,640
21 Utah 28,203 98 2,763,885
22 Missouri 28,515 210 5,988,144
23 North Carolina 29,431 324 9,535,483
24 New Hampshire 31,345 42 1,316,470
25 Indiana 32,913 197 6,483,802
26 New Mexico 34,320 60 2,059,179
27 Tennessee 34,490 184 6,346,165
28 Kentucky 34,715 125 4,339,367
29 South Carolina 37,605 123 4,625,364
30 Alabama 41,928 114 4,779,736
31 Ohio 42,258 273 11,536,504
32 Washington 43,666 154 6,724,540
33 Illinois 45,499 282 12,830,632
34 Texas 48,450 519 25,145,561
35 Virginia 54,061 148 8,001,024
36 Pennsylvania 58,536 217 12,702,379
37 Arizona 60,302 106 6,392,017
38 Hawaii 61,832 22 1,360,301
39 Delaware 64,138 14 897,934
40 Georgia 68,707 141 9,687,653
41 Louisiana 69,744 65 4,533,372
42 Nevada 72,988 37 2,700,551
43 Massachusetts 86,153 76 6,547,629
44 California 97,016 384 37,253,956
45 Connecticut 102,117 35 3,574,097
46 Florida 105,035 179 18,801,310
47 Maryland 108,935 53 5,773,552
48 New York 132,727 146 19,378,102
49 Rhode Island 175,428 6 1,052,567
50 New Jersey 219,797 40 8,791,894
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